La piedra de los deseos
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The Stone of the Wise 



A Study of 


 The Lesser Ritual of the 






Frater Chanokh 




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In Loving Memory to




Frater ION 66 




Who helped me with 


The First Step 











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Do what thou wilt shall be the whole of the Law. 


I am a working ritual magician.  I have been practicing the Art of Magick for over 

14 years now and the Lesser Ritual of the Pentagram has been a vital component of my 

practical curriculum from the beginning.  Over the years, my understanding of this ritual 

has grown both gradually and by quantum leaps.  This ritual is everything that it appears 

to be and more, but it is up to the individual to determine this for themselves through both 

study and practice. 

This paper really owes its genesis to a study group that I organized last year, the 

Collegium Hermeticum.  The purpose of this group has been to study magick from the 

perspective of the rituals; it has therefore been a blend of theory and practice.  The 

original intention was to study a new ritual intensively every two weeks.  After a five 

hour discussion on The Lesser Ritual of the Pentagram, we realized that we needed more 

time to delve into this ritual, whose instructions can be written out on half a page.  Six 

weeks, three meetings, and several handouts later, we finally moved on to the Star Ruby.  

But we had only yet scratched the surface. 

At the beginning of the year, I was approached and asked to give a talk at 

Thelema Lodge of the O.T.O. based on something that had been covered in the 

Collegium.  By this time, we had covered several solo rituals, modified and performed a 

group Star Ruby, touched on some planetary magick, put on a Rite of Sol for the Rites of 

Eleusis which had a distinctly ritual-magic flavor, and studied The Holy Books of 

Thelema together.  With all of this to choose from, I decided to take the opportunity to go 

back over the material for the Lesser Ritual of the Pentagram and flesh it out even more.  

At the time, I had several handouts that we’d written and it looked like there was enough 

for a good five-page “master handout.”  It seemed that all that was needed was just a little 

more research to come up with a respectable paper that would be worth reading and 



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Something happened along the way, the Universe heard my knocking, and doors 

were flung wide open.  The ritual began to reveal itself to me much more intimately and I 

have been working against my self-imposed deadline for the scheduled talk at the Lodge 

in order to include as much of this original material as possible.  This experience has 

itself been an alchemical soul-wrenching search, taking me through a course of highs and 

lows, epiphanies and doubts as I continued to wrestle with my Angel for Guidance.  The 

result is this image freed from the Stone by the Master Worker. I therefore hope that the 

reader will forgive any roughness in the body of this paper as I’ve labored many sleepless 

nights in order to include so large a picture even as the landscape continued to open up to 


There are several versions of the Lesser Ritual of the Pentagram extant, many of 

which purporting to be “the one true”  way in which to perform the ritual.  For the 

purpose of this paper, I’ve decided to focus on the two published versions by Aleister 

Crowley and to point out the minor differences between them.  Liber O was written as an 

official instruction of the A.’.A.’. and I have therefore included the ritual from that text as 

a reference for the reader. 

Magick is a way of action.  A beloved teacher and friend of mine stresses that 

“Do” (with a capital “D”) is the first word in our famous greeting taken from Liber AL.  

Please do not forget to actually perform the rituals instead of merely theorizing about 

them.  There are a lot of books mentioned in this paper; I love books, I love theorizing, 

but reading the books does not equal doing the rituals.  Don’t confuse the menu with the 

meal.  Another good friend and respected magician refers to this as “magick porno” - a 

substitute for the actual experience.  Don’t be afraid to get your hands dirty with ritual.   

I would like to close with just a few caveats.  This paper is not by any means a 

complete exegesis on a core ritual of our tradition; this is really a collection of notes and 

reflections that I’m hoping might be of aid to others.  Nor does this paper represent 

anything other than the growing system of one particular Star in the Universe - there is no 

doctrine or dogma contained herein for you to accept.  What applies to me in my 

Universe may not be applicable to anyone else.  I am sharing this as an example of one 

particular way in which the ritual can be approached.  It is ultimately up to the reader to 

study the sacred Art of Magick themselves and discover the course of their own Star and 


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the particular mechanisms of their own Universe.  No one else can do this for you; such is 

the way of Thelema.  Accept no substitutes for your own experience. 

The work produced herein is copyright the author, all rights reserved, and may not 

be reproduced without the express written consent of the author. 

If this Work finds itself in your hands, it is my greatest hope that it proves to be a 

valuable resource for you in the pursuit of the Stone of the Wise.      


May the Lord bring you to the accomplishment of your True Wills, the Great Work, the 

Summum Bonum, True Wisdom, and Perfect Happiness. 


Love is the law, love under will. 


Frater Chanokh 

March 28th, 2003 e.v. 



















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“Neglect not the Performance of the Ritual of the Pentagram.” 

-Aleister Crowley, Liber Aleph 


“Those who regard this ritual as a mere device to invoke or banish spirits, are unworthy 

to possess it. Properly understood, it is the Medicine of Metals and the Stone of the 


-Aleister Crowley in his footnotes to The Palace of the World, in The Collected Works 


     The Lesser Ritual of the Pentagram was the only ritual issued in the Outer Order of 

the Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn.  It represents a microcosmic synthesis of the 

grades of the Outer Order, uses formulae of the Neophyte ceremony, and is capped by 

symbolism of the Second Order.  Aleister Crowley and other notable magicians have 

considered it to be extremely important to daily practice.  Even cursory examination of 

this ritual reveals deep symbolism under the veil of what may seem to be the most simple 

of rituals.  It may be that the ritual is so deceptively simple in its content that its true 

secrets are buried far beneath its exterior.  Crowley described this ritual as being nothing 

less than “The Philosopher’s Stone”.  This paper initiates an examination into how this 

may be the case. 


The Pentagram 


“The sign of the Pentagram is called the Sign of the Microcosm, and it represents what 

the Kabalists of the book Zohar term the Microprosopus.  The complete comprehension 

of the Pentagram is the key of the two worlds.” 

 –Eliphas Levi 


“Every man and every woman is a star.” 

-Liber AL, I: 3 


     The pentagram itself is a very ancient symbol. It can be found as early as the fourth 

millennium B.C. in Mesopotamia.  In Sumerian cuneiform, the figure represented the 


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universe.  In Egyptian hieroglyphics dating back to 3100 B.C., the pentagram enclosed in 

a circle represented the underworld, the dwelling place of the stars. 

     In the Qabalah, the pentagram would naturally be connected to the fifth sephirah, 

Geburah (

hrwbg).  The Hebrew name of Geburah enumerates to 216, which is 6x6x6 or 

six cubed.  In Hebrew, other words enumerating to 216 include 

hyra (Lion), auyxm abb 

(The Middle Gate), 

rybd (Oracle), mybnu md (Blood of grapes), hary (Dread, fear), qmwr 

(Profound), and 

zgwr (Anger, wrath).  In Latin, 216 is the value for Auxiliante Deo et 

Natura (“Aiding God and nature”), Faciens Pacem et Creans Malum (“I make peace and 

I create evil.” -Isaiah 45:7), Lapis Philosophorum (“Stone of the Philosophers”), Linea 

Spiritus Sancti (“Line of the Holy Spirit”), and Peregrinus de Faustis (“Wanderer in the 


     The planet Mars is attributed to Geburah and The Thirty-Two Paths of Wisdom calls 

this sephirah the Radical Consciousness because it is the “essence of the homogeneous 

Unity [Kether].”  Three titles for Geburah express what Paul Foster Case refers to as 

distinctly different aspects of this sephirah: Pachad (

djp) “Fear, awe, dread; object of 

fear; thigh”, Geburah (

hrwbg)  “Strength” or “Severity”, and Din (nyd) “Justice”.  The 

plural form of “thigh” in the Latin is testiculi and refers to male virile strength, the Mars 

force working through the sexual organs which are governed by Scorpio.  

     Through the number 5, the pentagram is also connected to the letter Hebrew Heh (


“wherewith Creation took place”. Note that Liber AL states, “Tzaddi is not the Star” and 

that Crowley therefore swapped the Heh and Tzaddi attributions in his Tarot deck; the 

sum result is that Heh no longer corresponds to Atu IV, The Emperor, but instead to Atu 

XVII, The Star - a very appropriate correspondence in this case.  Through other 

correspondences, this swap also aligns Heh with Aquarius (instead of Aries, as in the old 

set of attributions), which is the zodiacal sign of the 11


 house in the zodiac. Note also 

that in Liber AL, I:60, Nuit states, “My number is 11 as all their numbers who are of us. 

The Five Pointed Star with a Circle in the Middle, & the circle is red.” 

     The Thirty-Two Paths of Wisdom calls the 15


 Path of Heh the Constituting 

Consciousness and describes its function as stabilizing the essence of creation.  

Furthermore, Heh is used in Hebrew to denote the article “the” when it immediately 


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precedes another word.  The Constituting Consciousness is therefore the defining 

intelligence which names and demarcates boundaries by means of discrimination and 


     When spelled in full, the word Heh (

hh) translates as “window” in Hebrew, and the 

letter appropriately corresponds to the sense of sight (see 777, Col. LV).  Through 

association with the Tetragrammaton (YHVH, 

hwhy), Heh connects to Binah, 

(“Understanding” or the Intuition of the Neschamah) and Malkuth, (“the Kingdom” or 

the Animal Soul of the Nephesch, whose destiny is to be redeemed by the Vav of the 

Tetragrammaton and thereby placed upon the Throne of Binah to become the Supernal 

Mother and thereby “reawaken the eld” of the Father.).  




“Let no one destitute of geometry enter my doors” 

 –inscription over doors of Plato’s academy. 




“By the Pentagram also is measured the exact proportions of the great and unique 

Athanor necessary to the confection of the Philosophical Stone and the accomplishment 

of the Great Work.  The most perfect alembic in which the Quintessence can be 

elaborated is conformable to this figure, and the Quintessence itself is represented by the 

Sign of the Pentagram.” 

–Eliphas Levi 


     According to Euclid, “A straight line is said to have been cut in extreme and mean 

ratio when, as the whole line is to the greater segment, so is the greater to the lesser.” 

This proportion has been known by names such as “the Golden Section”, the “Golden 

Ratio”, or the “Divine Proportion.” This relationship is intimately connected to both the 


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Fibonacci sequence and an irrational number designated by the Greek letter 

ϕ (phi), 

whose value is approximately 1.6180339. 

     A Fibonacci sequence proper consists of any series of numbers such that the third 

number in the sequence is the sum of the two consecutive numbers immediately 

preceding (these first two numbers could be said to “seed” the sequence).  The simplest 

and most familiar Fibonacci sequence begins with 1: 


1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, 21, 34, 55, 89, 144, 233, 377… 


     If you divide any Fibonacci number by the one which immediately precedes it will 

yield a result which approximates the value of 

ϕ.  This approximation becomes 

increasingly more precise as we continue up the series. For example: 5/3= 1.667, 8/5=1.6, 

13/8= 1.62 and so on.  In the language of mathematics, this series is said to converge 

because it approaches the value of 

ϕ. Note that it approaches, but is never able to actually 


ϕ which is irrational and therefore has a non-terminating, non-repeating decimal 

place that goes on forever, much like the more familiar 

π (pi). 

     Having established these facts about the interrelationships of the golden section, the 

Fibonacci sequence, and 

ϕ, we are can now examine the unique geometrical properties of 

the pentagram and begin to appreciate the Mysteries hidden therein. 

     Paul Foster Case wrote a paper detailing the geometry of the pentagram which 

includes some creative translation of geometry ratios to gematria. This paper is 

unpublished in its entirety, though significant portions of it have been reproduced by Chic 

and Tabatha Cicero in their revision of Israel Regardie’s The Middle Pillar. Other pirated 

and modified versions are in circulation in private circles.  Central to the discussion is a 

diagram of the pentagram which is included on the following page. 




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     Recall that the geometry of the pentagram is based upon the principle of “smaller is to 

greater as greater is to the whole” and that this ratio can be expressed by 

ϕ, which also 

describes the ratio of consecutive Fibonacci numbers. It stands to reason then that one 

could plug Fibonacci numbers in for the segments of the pentagram in order to 

approximate the exact proportions of the geometrical pentagram. The key here is to 

remember that while the proportions of the pentagram are exact, the numbers used to 

describe them can never be exact since 

ϕ is an irrational number. 

     For reasons which have their own mystery, Case decides to use the numbers 5 and 8 to 

describe the lengths of the smaller and larger segments of a line of a pentagram. It should 

be noted by the astute reader that most Fibonacci pairs would satisfy the geometrical 

requirements of the pentagram. In fact, mathematically speaking, there are only four 

worse Fibonacci pairs one could choose in terms of their approximation to 

ϕ.  Arguments 

that what Case is revealing stems from the ancients, or from an unbroken “oral tradition” 

that has somehow evaded the detection of archeologists and historians is comparable to 

the claim of finding cipher documents in a bookstall. The creative work of both Case and 

Mathers is testament to their Genius, stands on its own merit, and doesn’t necessitate a 

felonious source. 

     The numbers 5 and 8 have an intimate connection throughout the Mysteries.  The 

medieval numbe for Mercury is 5 while its qabalistic number is 8.  With respect to the 

pentagram, this five-fold figure is surmounted by the eight-spoked wheel of spirit.  

Baphomet, the Octinomous (eight-fold name) was spelt several different ways in 

antiquity but always with the requisite eight letters.  Through the Aeth Besh (

?b ta) 



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Temurah (substitution cipher), Baphomet (

tmwpb) translates as Sophia (aypw?), 

“Wisdom”, a five-lettered name.  5 and 8 are also suggestive of the two grades which 

lead respectively to the Second and Third Orders via both OTO and A.’.A.’. symbolism.  

5 and 8 are of particular importance in the Ogdoadic tradition (once propagated by the 

Aurum Solis, but now by its legitimate successors) where they delineate the five-fold 

House of Sacrifice (a model of the constitution of Man, see Little Essays Toward Truth 

for Crowley’s description of this) and the Eight-fold Star of Regeneration which 

describes the process of palingenesis (theosis or regeneration). 

     Some of the virtues of 5 and 8 having been delineated, we can now proceed with the 

rest of Case’s analysis.  The lengths of the smaller and greater segments being thus 

defined, their sum is therefore 13 (another Fibonacci number) and the sum of the entire 

line must equal 21.  Given five such lines, the pentagram could be said to “total” 105.  

Furthermore, Case specifies that the enclosing pentagon must have sides of length 13 

(this is geometrically verifiable) and the pentagon therefore equals 65 by virtue of its five 

sides.  105 and 65, pentagram and pentagon summed, equal 170.  And let’s not forget the 

smaller pentagon inside the pentagram - the sum of its sides must equal 25. 

     25 is the value for the Greek words 

διαι (Asunder, through), εκ( Out of; because of), 

θεια (Divine), and ιδια (Privately). Latin Qabalah gives us AOM (The sacred syllable) 

and EGO (I). 

     105 is the  sum of the numbers from 1-14 and therefore the full expression of 14.  It 

could be said that to draw the pentagram is to affirm the full expression of the powers 

expressed in Atu XIV, Art.  14 is also the value of Debackh (

jbd), “to sacrifice” and of 

Zahab, “gold,” which is figurative for “light.”  105 is also the value for the initials of 

Hoor Paar Kraat, the Egyptian god of Silence. Perhaps more interestingly, 105 gives the 

Greek word 

ελιξ (Circle, coil; twisted) - recall that in a footnote to The Palace of the 

World, Crowley calls the Flaming Sword the “pentagram unwound.” 

     In Latin, other words with the corresponding value of 105 include Habes Verbum 

(“You have the word”- see the Golden Dawn Equinox Ceremony), Manifestus 

(Manifest), Mercurius (Mercury), Rosa Lucis (Rose of Light), and Sublivero (I am lifted 

up).  Note that the spiral described by the Fibonacci sequence also describes the pattern 

of the petals of a rose. Furthermore, the recurring connection between 5 and 8 - when we 



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draw the pentagram, we could be said to be spelling or expressing Mercurius, or 

Mercury, who corresponds to the eighth sephirah. 

     The God-name AGLA, used in the North, is notariqon for Ateh Gibor Le-Olahm 

Adonai.  If you use the regular (as opposed to the final) form of Mem, this longer form of 

the God-name enumerates to 858, thus recalling the values Case chose to represent the 

proportions of the pentagram. 

     While Case’s study yields some interesting results, it is flawed in one respect: Any 

Fibonacci numbers could be used to describe the proportions of the pentagram and one 

needs be biased towards using 5 and 8.  In discussing this flaw with an esteemed Initiate, 

it was pointed out to me that occultists like to be “wow”ed.  Case offers us nice, neat, 

definable answers.  His analysis - which I’ve elaborated upon here with the addition of 

some Greek of which Case was apparently unaware - helps to link some interesting ideas 

together as qabalah often does.  It’s left to the reader to determine the value of these 

associations in light of the logic by which they are derived. 




     The Golden Mean is descriptive of several important phenomena throughout nature.  

The very shape of our galaxy partakes of the same logarithmic spiral.  Nowhere is the 

proportion more evident than in the very life of the microcosm which is said to be 

symbolized by the pentagram.  The dimensions of a molecule of DNA (the caduceus 

wand of Hermes in the human organism), the shape of the outer ear, and the proportions 

of the body all partake of these ratios.  Even the spatial arrangement of the features of the 



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human face are predicated upon this important ratio.  This recalls a line from a variant 

pentagram ritual written by Crowley called Reguli in which the magician, after having 

traced and charged four pentagrams declares, “For about me flames my father’s face, the 

Star of Force and Fire.” 

     What is being described here is a proportion. Another way to state this is, “As above, 

so below.”  Many varied examples of these proportions can be found in the cosmos.  

Even the Western music scale is composed of 13 notes per octave, 8 notes in a scale, has 

for its basis 5


 and 3


 chords, each note of the scale being  separated by 2 half steps; this 

is particularly interesting when considering that Marsilio Ficino tied musical notes to the 

planets.  If one is to watch the planet Venus (Lucifer, the Light-bearer, and Herald of the 

Dawn) in the sky over time, it will be observed to trace an exact pentagram through its 

course; this is because the ratio of the distances of Earth and Venus from the Sun is 1.6. 


Origins of the Ritual 


The first published reference to the Lesser Ritual of the Pentagram was in 1896 by 

Eliphas Levi in his classic work Dogme et Rituel de la Haute Magie - more commonly 

known in English as Transcendental Magic - and is reproduced below. 


For example, the initiate said raising his hand to his forehead, “For 

thine,” then added “is,” and continuing as he brought down his hand 

to his breast, “the kingdom,” then to the left shoulder, “the justice,” 

afterwards to the right shoulder, “and the mercy” – then clasping his 

hands, he added, “in the generating ages.”  Tibi sunt Malkuth et 

Geburah et Chesed per aeonas - a Sign of the Cross which is 

absolutely and magnificently kabalistic, which the profanations of 

Gnosticism have lost completely to the official and militant Church. 

This Sign, made after this manner, should precede and terminate the 

Conjuration of the Four. 




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     Note that Levi doesn’t give complete and detailed instructions, but that his description 

is vague, rather sketchy, and suggestive instead. 

     Although there is no absolute proof that the much more detailed and familiar version 

of the ritual did not indeed precede the Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn, it seems 

highly likely that it found its genesis in the synthetic Genius of the most prolific and 

talented of its founders, S.L. MacGregor Mathers. Whatever the case may be, the full 

ritual was never published until 1905 by Aleister Crowley in The Collected Works where 

it was  included as a footnote to The Palace of the World. This is a poem about The 

Lesser Ritual of the Pentagram which first appeared in a 1901 a collection called The 

Soul of Osiris.  Since then, a number of versions of this ritual have been published or 

taught in private circles.  For the purpose of this paper, we shall examine the ritual as it 

appears in Liber O, an official A.’.A.’. instruction.  


The Lesser Ritual of the Pentagram 



Touching the forehead, say Ateh (Unto Thee). 


Touching the breast, say Malkuth (The Kingdom). 


Touching the right shoulder, say ve-Geburah (and the Power). 


Touching the left shoulder, say ve-Gedulah (and the Glory). 


Clasping the hands upon the breast, say le-Olahm, Amen (to the Ages, Amen). 


Turning to the East, make a pentagram (that of Earth) with the proper weapon 

(usually the Wand). Say, (i.e., vibrate) I H V H. 

(vii)  Turning to the South, the same, but say A D N I. 

(viii)  Turning to the West, the same, but say A H I H. 


Turning to the North, the same but say A G L A. 

(x) Before 



(xi) Behind 



(xii)  On my right hand Michael; 

(xiii)  On my left hand Auriel; 

(xiv)  For about me flames the Pentagram, 

(xv)  And in the Column stands the six-rayed Star. 



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(xvi)  Repeat (i) to (v), the “Qabalistic Cross. 


     There are some minor differences between this version and that which Crowley 

originally published in Palace of the World.  Specifically, the latter does not specify 

“usually the wand” for the weapon. (Note that between both of these versions, when the 

weapon is specified it is actually the wand and not the dagger as we are so used to seeing 

from other sources. This would represent the difference between utilizing the Will and 

the Intellect. Note that both the Cup and the Disk are entirely unsuited to this type of 

operation.)  The author prefers to use the wand for this ritual and encourages others to try 

so themselves, in accordance with the instructions of Liber O. 

     Nor does the original specify that the pentagram is “usually of Earth.” However, it is 

the original that specifies “Extending the arms in the form of a cross,” just prior to the 

invocation of Raphael.  

     Nowhere in either version is this ritual referred to as the “Lesser Banishing Ritual of 

the Pentagram”; nowhere in the subsection of Liber O detailing the Lesser Ritual of the 

Pentagram is the word “banish” even mentioned. Instead, the banishing and invoking 

pentagrams are detailed in the section on the Greater Ritual of the Pentagram which 

immediately follows it in the text.  Indeed, the entire motion of the ritual is performed 

deosil, proper to invocation, as opposed to widdershins, appropriate to banishing proper. 


The Qabalistic Cross 


“So also is this First Cause revealed invariably by the Cross - that Unity made up of two, 

divided one by the other in order to produce four; that key to the mysteries of India and 

Egypt, the Tau of the patriarchs, the divine sign of Osiris, the Stauros of the Gnostics, the 

keystone of the temple, the symbol of Occult Masonry; the Cross, central point of the 

junction of the right angles of two infinite triangles…” 

–Eliphas Levi 


      The Cross has occupied a place of importance in the Mysteries, even long before the 

advent of Christianity.  In the Timaeus, Plato describes the universe as a creation of God, 



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who formed it from soul-stuff into the shape of the Greek letter 

Χ (Chi), with its ends 

extended to form circles.  Imagine this as two circles set perpendicular to each other in 

three dimensional space: their intersections form a cross when viewed from outside. This 

symbol of a cross, the 

σταυρος, was used by the Gnostics to represent the bridge 

between the Worlds.  In Greek qabalah, more properly called isopsephy, the letter 

Χ has a 

value of 600 as does the Greek word 

Κοσµος (“World” or “Cosmos”).  When spelt in 

full, the name of the letter Khi, 

Χι, enumerates to 610 as do the words Αλφα Λαµβδα 

(“Alpha Lambda”, the names of the letters of AL, the technical title to The Book of the 

Law, which is a key to its Mysteries) 

τρις (“thrice”) and  επιστατες (“master”). 

     The Greek word 

σταυρος enumerates to 777. Under this value in Sepher Sephiroth, 

Crowley lists “The Flaming Sword if the path from Binah to Chesed be taken as =3. For 

GIMEL connects Arikh Anpin with Zauir Anpin”.  That is to say, that if one were to add 

up the values of the Paths of the Flaming Sword on the Tree of Life, they would sum to 

777.  Further, if one was to add up the values of the Tarot Trumps corresponding to these 

same Paths, again taking Gimel or Atu II, The Priestess as connecting Binah with 

Chesed, they sum to 93. 

     In his footnote on the Lesser Ritual of the Pentagram, Crowley refers to the Flaming 

Sword as the “pentagram unwound.” Other Greek words which also enumerate to 777 


Λιβερτινοσ (Freedman) Το ονοµαστος (The Named One) and Υµεναιοσ Α 

(Hymenaeus Alpha).  The number 777 was of particular importance to Crowley with 

respect to the idea of a particular kind of successorship; Liber Aleph was specifically 

addressed to C.S. Jones as being the magical son prophesied in Liber Al and the only 

other student of Crowley’s to bear this number was Grady McMurtry, the Caliph

     777 is also the value for “The World of Shells” (

twpylqh mlwu) and “One is the 

Ruach of the Elohim of Lives” (

myyj myhla jwr tja). 

     The Qabalistic Cross is really the only part of the pentagram ritual which is 

specifically delineated by Levi, although he gives it in Latin instead of Hebrew.  Four 

sephiroth are named or implied in this important ritual gesture: Kether above the crown 

of the head, Malkuth at the heart, Geburah on the right shoulder, and Chesed on the left 

shoulder. These represent, respectively, the four elements: Air for Kether ( that all 



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sephiroth of the middle pillar except for Malkuth are attributed to air), Earth for Malkuth, 

Fire for Geburah, and Water for Chesed.  In the fourth knowledge lecture of the Hermetic 

Order of the Golden is a  reference to the five Rivers of the Garden of Eden. Nahar  

(“perennial stream” or “never failing waters”) forms the source from the Supernals and is 

broken up in Daath and distributed into Four Heads accordingly: 


Pison: Fire - flowing to Geburah where there is Gold. 

Gihon: Water - the Waters of Mercy, flowing into Chesed. 

Hiddikel: Air - flowing into Tiphareth. 

Phrath (Euphrates): Earth - flowing into Malkuth. 


The Practicus ritual of the Golden Dawn further elaborates on this: 


 This River going forth out of Eden is the River of the Apocalypse, 

the Waters of Life, clear as crystal proceeding out of the Throne of 

God and the Lamb, on either side of of which was the Tree of Life, 

bearing Twelve manner of Fruits. And thus do the Rivers of Eden 

form a Cross, and on that Cross the Great ADAM, the Son who was 

to rule the Nations with a Rode of Iron, is extended from Tiphareth 

and his arms stretch out to Gedulah and Geburah, and in Malkuth is 

Eve, Mother of all, the Completion of all, and above the Universe 

she supporteth with her hands the Eternal Pillars of the Sephiroth. 


     The casual observer will note that if he is facing the Tree of Life, he will find Geburah 

on his left while the ritual specifies that he touch his right shoulder. This is because the 

Tree of Life is not in front of you when you make this ritual gesture, instead it is inside of 

you and you are looking out through what you may normally think of as the front side of 

the Tree. The ritual gestures that you make affirm your identity with the Tree as you 

point to and name the specific sephiroth. The opening section of the Neophyte ceremony 

of the Golden Dawn states that, “…by Names and Images are all Powers awakened and 

reawakened.” By contrast, note that the sign of the cross is made starting with the right 



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side instead of the left - this is fitting for a doctrine which holds that God is external to 

mankind. These represent two very different theological worldviews. 


Gematria of the Qabalistic Cross 


     Ateh (

hta)  means “Thou” or “To Thee.” It enumerates to 406. This number is the 

“second theosophical extension” or “Mystic number” of 7; that is to say, if you were to 

add all the numbers from 1 to 7, you would get 28 – then adding all the numbers from 1 

to 28 would yield 406. Another word which yields to this value in Hebrew is Tav (the 

name of the Hebrew letter Tav (

td), a Tau cross, a mark).  The Thirty-Two Paths of 

Wisdom calls the 32


 Path of 

t the Administrative Consciousness which directs the 

courses of the seven planets (the chakras or interior stars along the Middle Pillar of the 

body).  The Seven Abodes of Assiah, symbolized by the Seven Churches of the 

Apocalypse are also attributed to this Path.  Other words that enumerate to 406 are the 

Hebrew A’am Ha’aretz (

xrahmu) ,“man of earth”, and the Greek words Ευα (“Eve”) 


εντελεια (“Perfection”). 

     Malkuth (

twklm) means “the Kingdom” and enumerates to 496, the sum of all the 

numbers from 0 to 31.  Thus it is the complete extension of all the powers represented by 

the Divine Name AL, which is attributed to Chesed. It is also the value for the Hebrew 

words Ve-Thummim

mymtw, (the perfections) and Leviathan (ntywl). 

     There has been debate regarding where to touch the body when vibrating the name 

Malkuth.  It has bothered some that the heart-center does not correspond to the same 

chakra as that which has been attributed to Malkuth (at the base of the spine).  In Greek, 

το κεαρ (“the heart”) also enumerates to 496 and it should therefore not be so suprising 

that this is the part of the body which is touched at this stage of the ritual.  This kingdom 

is the dwelling place of Adonai: "Yea, verily, I the Lord Viceregent of His Kingdom, I, 

Adonai, who speak unto my servant V.V.V.V.V. did rule and govern in His place." (Liber 




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     Ve-Geburah (

hrwbgw) means “and strength” and enumerates to 222 as do the Greek 


ιβις (ibis) and γαιης (Of earth). By name, this connects directly to the fifth 

sephirah, Geburah. 

     Ve-Gedulah (

hlwdgw) means “and the Magnificence” and relates directly to the fourth 

sephirah of Chesed.  It enumerates to 54 as does the Hebrew word Dan (

nd), judgment - 

the name of the Hebrew tribe corresponding to Scorpio, the night house, or occult sign 

ruled by Mars. Latin Qabalah gives us the following words for 54: Ascendam (I shall 

rise), Coagula (unite), Pater (Father), and Puer (Boy). Note the identification of the 

father and the sun through the (implied) function of the generative organ.  There are 

many levels on which this can be interpreted. 

     Le-Olahm (

mlwul) means “throughout the ages” or “to the world” and enumerates to 

176 as does the Hebrew Iwa’atz

xuwy (Counselor). Latin Qabalah yields: Argenteum 

Astrum (Silver Star), Circulum ex nihilo (the Circle from Naught), Gladius et Serpens 

(The Sword and the Serpent). Greek words with this value are 

ιεραξ (Hawk, falcon) and 

νεοµαι (to go, to return).  Connecting these ideas together, we can see that this Qabalistic 

Cross is indeed the “bridge between worlds”, touching every aspect of our being. 

     Amen is spelt 

nma in Hebrew and enumerates to 91, the sum of the numbers from 1 to 

13 and therefore represents the fullest expression of the powers representative of the 

number 13.  91 is also the result of 7 times 13.  The Thirty-Two Paths of Wisdom has the 

following to say about Binah, the Sanctified Consciousness, “Its roots are AMeN. It is the 

father of faith, and from its power faith emerges.” 

Taken altogether, the summed values for all the words of the Qabalistic cross in Hebrew 

equals 1445, as does the Hebrew phrase Lesharith Bechalthav (

vtljb tiriahsl) “the 

remnant of his heritage.”  1445 is also equal to 5 times 289, for which number we have 

the Hebrew words 

rfp (to break through or liberate) and frp (to distinguish or 


     The Path of Tav corresponds to the planet Saturn, which is also attributed to the metal 

lead.  The second motion is to touch the heart chakra, corresponding to the sun and to the 

metal gold.  The effect of this motion is to transmute lead into gold through aspiration to 

the Highest (i.e. Kether).  The operator has used the Administrative Consciousness, which 



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directs the courses of the planets (the chakras, each of which corresponds to its own metal 

in alchemical literature), to do this most sublime act.  The Qabalistic Cross stands alone 

as a ritual by its own virtue. 


The Signs: Speech and Silence 


     Before moving on to the tracing of the Pentagrams, it is important to examine how 

they charged with the Divine Names.  Two Signs are important: The Sign of Horus and 

the Sign of Silence.  Crowley includes them in within the instruction on the Vibration of 

God-names in Liber O: 


As a further means of identifying the human consciousness with that 

pure portion of it which man calls by the name of some God, let him 

act thus: 

a)  Stand with arms outstretched. 

b)  Breath in deeply through the nostrils, imagining the name of the 

God desired entering with the breath. 

c)  Let the name descend slowly from the lungs to the heart, the solar 

plexus, the navel, the generative organs, and so to the feet. 

d)  The moment that it appears to touch the feet, quickly advance the 

left foot about twelve inches, throw forward the body, and let the 

hands (drawn back to the side of the eyes) shoot out, so that you are 

standing in the typical position of the God Horus, and at the same 

time imagine the Name as rushing up and through the body, while 

you breathe it out through the nostrils with the air which has been 

till then retained in the lungs.  All this must be done with all the 

force of which you are capable. 

e)  The withdraw the left foot, and place the right forefinger upon the 

lips, so that you are in the characteristic position of the God 





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     A few notes here will suffice to avoid confusion.  Regarding the Sign of Horus, the 

instruction “With arms outstretched” can be clarified by referring to the Z3 document of 

the Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn in which this sign is also referred to as the “Sign 

of the Enterer of the Threshold” and “The Attacking Sign”. 


 Standing as before described, in the form of the God, and elevating 

the mind to the contemplation of Kether, take the step like a stroke 

with the foot, bring the arms up above the head as if touching the 

Kether, and as the step is completed bring the hands over the head 

forwards. Thrust them out direct from the level of the eyes 

horizontally - arms extended, fingers straight, palms downwards, the 

hands directed towards the object it is wished to charge or to affect. 

At the same time, sink the head till the eyes look exactly between the 

thumbs. In this way, the rays from the eyes, from each finger and 

from the thumbs, must all converge upon the object attacked. If any of 

them disperse, it is weakness. 


At the Ending of the Night: At the Limits of the Light: Tho-oth stood before the Unborn 

Ones of Time! 

Then was formulated the Universe: 

Then came forth the Gods thereof: 

The Aeons of the Bornless Beyond: 

Then was the Voice vibrated; 

Then was the Name declared. 

At the Threshold of Entrance, 

Between the Universe and the Infinite, 

In the Sign of the Enterer, stood Tho-oth, 

 As before him were the Aeons proclaimed. 

In Breath did he vibrate them: 

In Symbols did he record them; 

For betwixt the Light and the Darkness did he stand. 



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-Z1 Document, Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn 


     Regarding the Sign of Silence, the same Z3 document of the Golden Dawn, where it is 

also called “The Sign of Defense or protection”) gives further notes which clarify the 

issue as well as show a peculiarity in Crowley’s instruction. 


The Sign of Silence withdraws the force put out by the Sign of the 

Enterer. Take upon thyself as before taught the colossal form of the 

God Harpocrates. Bring the left foot sharply back, both heels 

together- beat the ground once with the left foot as it is placed beside 

the right. Bring the left hand to the mouth and touch the center of the 

lower lip with the left forefinger. Close the other fingers and thumb, 

and drop the right hand to the side. Imagine that a watery vapor 

encircles and encloses you. This is the reflux of the current. 


     Regardie goes on to elaborate that, “It may be performed with any finger of either 

hand, but it is most protective when the left forefinger is used, the Water of Chesed, for 

the fingers of the right hand represent more violent action, and those of the left more 

watery action.” Note that in Liber O, Crowley describes the Sign of Silence as being 

performed with the right hand. This seems like an appropriate distinction between a 

strictly Golden Dawn method and a method appropriate to the Aeon of Horus. 


The Four Quarters 

 The Names of God 

And The Conjuration of the Four 


“The first man, who amongst us is called Thoth, has been called ADAM by the 

Chaldeans, the Parthians, the Medes and the Hebrews, a name taken from the language 

of angels.” 

-Zosimos of Panopolis 




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“In the Sibylline Oracles, the name ADAM is also explained as a notarichon composed of 

the initials of the four directions; anatole (east), dusis (west), arktos (north) and 

mesembria (south).” 

-Kieren Barry, The Greek Qabalah 


     In antiquity, the letters of the name Adam not only corresponded to the four directions 

as delineated above, but also to the four elements of which he was composed and by 

which he was imprisoned into physical existence by the Demiurge. 


“Deus est Homo” 

-Inscription on Lamen of O.T.O. 


“Be thou, therefore, prompt and active as the Sylphs, but avoid frivolity and caprice.  Be 

energetic and strong as the Salamanders, but avoid irritability and ferocity.  Be flexible 

and attentive to images, like the Undines, but avoid idleness and changeabilty; be 

laborious and patient like the Gnomes, but avoid grossness and avarice.  So shalt thou 

gradually develop the powers of thy soul, and fit thyself to command the Spirits of the 


-Theoricus Ritual of the Golden Dawn 




“With the Dagger destroyeth He.” 

-Liber II,  9 


“Let him by his understanding and ingenium devise a Word to represent the Universe.” 

-Liber A 


     The East is the place of the Rising of the Light of Dawn.  The element of Air is 

attributed to this quarter. In antiquity, the connection between East and the element Air 

was through the letter A, the first letter of the Greek words Anatole (East) and Aer (Air).  



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On the Cube of Space (based on the Sepher Yetzirah), the Hebrew letter Daleth is 

attributed to the East.  Therefore, Atu III, The Empress and the planet Venus are also 

correspondences.  Daleth connects Chokmah and Binah and is one of the three Paths 

above the Abyss.  When spelled in full, Daleth (

tld) means a “door” or “pylon”.  Venus 

has long been called the Morning Star, Lucifer, the heralder of the Dawn, visible just 

before the rising of the Sun. 

     To this symbolism, Crowley’s notes tell us that we are standing on the Tree of Life at 

the intersection of the Paths of Samekh and Peh during this ritual.  To the east of us is the 

sephirah, Tiphareth, which literally means “beauty” or “harmony” and corresponds to the 

Sun.  In the A.’.A.’., Tiphareth is the place of the 5=6 Grade of Adeptus Minor, whose 

task is to accomplish the Knowledge and Conversation of the Holy Guardian Angel. 

     In Latin, the word Oriens translates as “rising, the rising sun; east; morning” and 

enumerates to 71 as do the words Caduceus (double-helix staff of Mercury, the Herald of 

the Gods and the Psychopomp who led souls of the deceased through the underworld), 

Flatus (Air), Harmonia (Harmony), Invicta (unconquered - when preceded by Sol, this is 

an epithet for Mithras), and Tredecim (thirteen).  71 is the value for the Hebrew words 

Hnwy and Ynwh which both translate as dove, a bird sacred to Venus. 


“In the Tetragram, the triad, taken at the beginning of the word, expressed the divine 

copulation; taken at the end, it expressed the female and maternity.” –Eliphas Levi 


     The Greek word for East is Anatole (

Ανατολε) and enumerates to 460 as does the 

Hebrew phrase for “Holy unto Tetragrammaton” (

hwhyl ?dq).  Indeed, this is the quarter 

which is charged with the God-name YHVH (

hwhy), the Tetragrammaton.  Crowley 

discourses upon this formula at length in Chapter III of Magick in Theory and Practice.  

YHVH itself enumerates to 26, the sum of the numbers of the Sephiroth of the Middle 

Pillar (1+6+9+10), of which Samekh is a connecting Path.  26 is also the value of the 

Greek word 

αιµι, which means “ forever” or “immortal.”  The Kerubim, the Presidential 

Heads of the elemental forces are the Bull, the Lion, the Eagle, and the Man.  These are 

taken from the fixed signs of the zodiac for each element, so that the Bull is Taurus (ruler 

of the 2


 House of the zodiac), the Lion is Leo (the 5


 House), the Eagle is Scorpio (the 



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 House), and the Man is Aquarius the Water-bearer (the 11


 House).  Taken all-

together, these sum up as 2+5+8+11=26.  Note also that by the end of the ritual, there are 

four pentagrams and one hexagram, giving a total of 26 points for all geometrical figures.  

26 is twice 13, the value of the Hebrew words Achad (

dja) and Ahebeh (hbha). 

     Raphael (

lapr) is the name of the Archangel of Air.  His name enumerates to 311 as 

does Tzaphkiel (

layqpx), Archangel of Binah. For 311, Greek Qabalah yields Βητα (the 

letter Beta

Θεοειδης (God-like), σοµα (body, life), and Αλιος (Sun; east; Helios; of the 

sea).  The associations made here are very solar and should be examined with reference 

to Liber XV.  The correspondences made between Raphael (whose name begins with the 

Hebrew letter Resh (

?yr) and Helios are very apt. “Resh” in Hebrew translates as “head” 

or “beginning”, another apt association with the Eastern quarter that strengthens the 

connection to Tiphareth and the direction of the Dawning Sun. 

     With the exception of Auriel, the Archangel of the North, the images of the 

Archangels are the same in both the Golden Dawn and Ogdoadic traditions.  Because the 

descriptions of the Archangels given by the latter in Mysteria Magica are far more poetic, 

they are reproduced here for the benefit of the reader’s imagination.  The Ogdoadic 

Image of Raphael is as follows: 


“A tall and slender form clad in a voluminous and billowing robe of yellow, heightened 

with traces of violet. While this figure is contemplated, a cool rustling of wind is to be felt 

as emanating from the East. (It awakens the hidden aspirations and wordless hopes 

which have lain dormant in the toils of sloth and of habitude. It sings to the inner ear of 

the potentialities of a life which reaches forth to spiritual heights.)” 


     Taken altogether, the consistent symbolism of the attributions made to the East is of 

the spiritual Sun as a gateway to the Gnosis. 




“With the Cup preserveth He.” 

-Liber II, 10 



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“Let him by his understanding and ingenium devise a number to represent the Universe.” 

-Liber A 


     The West is the place of the Setting Sun.  The element of Water is specifically 

attributed to this quarter.  On the Cube of Space, the letter Caph is attributed to the West 

and thusly so is Jupiter and Atu X, Wheel of Fortune. 

     Note that in Golden Dawn symbolism, the Hiereus is the officer of the West and bears 

a sword.  The West is typically associated with the end of the journey of the sun 

throughout the day, the completion of a process, or the end of life.  “Ah God, all is gone! 

Thou dost consummate Thy rapture. Falutli! Falutli!” (Liber VII, V:30).  The cry of 

rapture from the Holy Book might be taken as a “little death”, the loss of the self in the 

embrace of the Beloved.   

     The Greek word for West is Dusis (

∆υσισ), enumerating to 814.  Χεσεδ (Chesed), ο 

ενεργης λογος (The Word of Power), η θεια σοϕια (The Divine Wisdom), Αγαπε εστι 

τον Νοµον (Love is the Law), ευθυ (direct, straight-forward), and αιγοκερευς (goat-

horned) are all equal to 814 as well.  The reference to Chesed, the sphere on the Tree of 

Life associated with Jupiter, is consonant with the aforementioned attribution of the 

Hebew Letter Caph to this quarter.  Chesed also corresponds to the river Gihon, which is 

the river of the element water. 

     To earthbound and terrestrial consciousness, the West can symbolize the completion 

or final destination, just as the East can symbolize the morning or a beginning.  The 

Godname in the West is Eheieh (

hyha), meaning “I am,” corresponding to Kether.  One 

way of interpreting the attribution of this God-Name to this quarter is that we are all 

destined to know evermore intimately that “Self of I Am” that is the root of our being. 

     Eheieh enumerates to 21 as does YHV (

why) (“Yeho”) the first three letters of the 

Tetragrammaton forming a name of God which the Sepher Yetzirah  records he used to 

seal the six directions (note there are six permutations of this name). For this same value, 

Latin Qabalah has the word “In” (into, within).  The Greek word 

εστι, which means “is”, 

also equals 21 



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     Gabriel (

layrbg) is the Archangel of Water and his name enumerates to 246 as does 

the Latin phrase “Laetitia Vitae Mortisque” (“The joy of life and death”).  The name 

Gabriel literally means “Strong One of God” and the word strong can be taken as 

synonymous as specifically male physical virility. 


The image from the Ogdoadic Tradition: 


“A tall and powerful figure standing amid foaming turbulent waters, clad in a robe of 

blue merging into highlights of orange, and holding in his left hand a silver cup.  While 

this figure is contemplated, the mighty surge of the sea-tides is imagined, pouring in 

successive waves from the West. (These waves are of the cool and shining waters which 

purify the intellect in their flood, healing it of unreason’s fever and termpering as steel is 





“With the Wand createth He.” 

-Liber II, 7 


Let him by his understanding and ingenium devise a Deed to represent the Universe.” 

-Liber A 


     The South is the place of the sun at its zenith.  The element of Fire is attributed to this 

Quarter.  When standing at the intersection of Samekh and Peh, Netzach is the sephirah 

that corresponds to this direction.  In Liber Resh, the noon Adoration is made to 

Ahathoor, the Egyptian Goddess corresponding to Venus.  On the Cube of Space, this 

direction corresponds to the Hebrew letter Resh, whose planetary correspondence is the 

Sun, and Atu XIX, The Sun

      The Greek word for South is 

Μεσεµβρια, which enumerates enumerates to 406, a 

number that is familiar in our analysis.  The God-name in the South is Adonai (


“Lord”, enumerating to 65. Note that this name is symbolically spelled in Liber LXV as 



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being: a thunderbolt (

a), a pylon (d), a snake or serpent (n), and a phallus (y). Adonai is 

the name we use to designate the HGA. The South corresponds to Noon and to the Mid-

heaven on the astrological natal chart, signifying the highest aspirations.  

     65 is the value for the Hebrew words Haikal (

lkyh) (“temple” or “palace”), Hillel 


llh) (“to shine, to commend, to praise”), and Haws HS (sh) (“to be silent”).  “The Lord 

is in His Holy Temple, let all the earth keep silence before Him.” (Habakkuk 2:20). 

Greek Qabalah yields the following for 65: 

ειµι (I am; to be, come to pass, exist), εξ 

(Six; out of, from), 

βαδην (Slowly), ειν or  ενι (With, within; through), ενθα (There; 

where; when), and 

Ζην (Name of Zeus).  Latin Qabalah yields Heru-Ra, Medius (middle, 

center), and Ordo R.C. for 65. 


     The ideas connected through the gematria have carry the theme of a silent, secret, 

inner King whose expression is that of coming to be. The true Rosicrucian Order is an 

Inner one and is, by its very nature, invisible. 

     While Auriel is given as the Archangel of Netzach in Crowley’s footnotes to The 

Palace of the World, we invoke Michael, the Archangel of Hod in this direction instead.  

This makes sense in light of the fact that in the Qabalistic Cross, Geburah and Hod are 

defined as being on your right side.  Therefore, the invocation of Michael is based on the 

microcosmic Tree of Life instead of the macrocosmic Tree on which the magician is 


     Michael (

lakym) enumerates to 101 as do Rosa Rubra (Red rose), Anima Amoris 

(Spirit of love), 

Ρα (Ra, the Sun God) and η αγαπη (The love), η θελεµα (the will) η 

βλαξ (the fool). Looking at these correspondences, it suddenly doesn’t look so odd to 

pair Archangel Michael with Netzach for the purpose of the ritual, since the consistent 

imagery of love and the rose are so highly suggestive of the Venusian aspects of Netzach. 




“With the Coin redeemeth He.” 

-Liber II, 10 



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“Let the Neophyte by his understanding and ingenium devise a symbol to represent the 


-Liber A 


     Recall from earlier discussion that the North was described in the Neophyte ceremony 

of the Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn as being the place of, “Greatest symbolic 

darkness.”  The North is the place of the Sun at its lowermost point of the sky.  The 

element of Earth is attributed to this quarter.  On the Cube of Space, the letter Peh is 

attributed to the North and therefore so is Mars and Atu XVI.  Standing at the intersection 

of the Paths of Samekh and Peh, with Tiphareth in the East, Yesod in the West and 

Netzach in the South, the sephirah Hod must naturally be located in the direction of the 


     The Greek word for North is 

Arktos (

Αρκτος) and enumerates to 691 as do the 


κρατος (power, force; victory, dominion) and ιστορια (knowledge, science, 


     The God-name for the North is AGLA (

Alga) which enumerates to 35 as does Asar 

(Osiris), Filia (Daughter), and Pax (Peace) in the Latin Qabalah. The direction of the 

North is referred to as the place of “Forgetfulness, Dumbness, and Necessity, and of the 

greatest symbolical Darkness.” In the Golden Dawn Neophyte initiation it is the place 

where the candidate is placed to commence the three circumambulations around the 

temple. This direction corresponds to the sun at midnight. 

     AGLA (

Alga) itself is a notariqon for Ateh Gibor Le-Olahm Adonai (ynda malul 

rbg hta) which means “Thine is the Power throughout the Aeons, O Lord.”  Skipping 

the final value for Mem in le-Olahm, this God-name enumerates to 858 (reminiscent of 

Case’s 8-5-8 attributions to the pentagram) as does the Greek word for initiation, 


and the name 

Ιαλδαβαωθ (Ialdabaoth - “The Craftsman”; This name is probably derived 

from the Hebrew YHVH Sabaoth and was used by the Gnostics to refer to the Demiurge). 

     These ideas are very interesting when considered together. The Northern direction 

corresponds to Earth as does the final Heh in Tetragrammaton, the daughter who is to be 



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set upon the throne of Binah by the Son. Also, consider that “Osiris is a black god” and 

that in the Old Aeon Neophyte ritual the candidate was himself Osiris (the Hierophant 

representing the perfected Osiris, known as Osiris Onophris). After being placed in this 

quarter, the circumambulation began after the following words from the Hierophant, 

“…Let me enter the Path of Darkness and, peradventure, there shall I find the Light.” 

     It should be noted by the Thelemite reader that in the present Aeon the candidate is no 

longer Osiris, but Horus, and the formula of initiation is no longer a descent of the light 

to redeem the darkness, but is instead the awareness of one’s own starry nature. You can 

read further on the difference between the two formulae in Chapter XII of The Book of 

Thoth. It should also be not so hard to realize the apparent paradox of anything purporting 

to be a “Thelemic Golden Dawn.” Simply changing a few words around in a ritual, 

adding some verses from Liber AL, or even changing the hexagram on the Banner of the 

East are not sufficient to compensate for the fact these are two separate formulae of 


     Regarding the full God-name of this quarter, if one calculates its value using the final 

value of Mem, it enumerates to 1418 as does the Greek 

Μαγος Επιστατες, literally 

“Master Magician”, the title of the IIIrd degree O.T.O. which corresponds to the 

Svadisthana chakra, ruled by Mars.  In the Cube of space, Peh is attributed to the North; 

other correspondences of Peh are Mars and Atu XVI, The Tower

     Note that in the Qabalistic Cross, Chesed and Netzach are defined as being on the left 

side. Therefore, you are affirming the Archangel’s presence microcosmically while 

simultaneously affirming the element of Earth macrocosmically

     The Arhcangel Auriel literally means “The Light of God” and one can imagine this 

Briatic power as being the Light shining in the deepest darkness that terrestrial-bound life 

can experience.  If the North is the Winter Solstice, then Aurial is the return of the Light 

which it brings.  Aurial is not the Archangel of Hod on the Tree of Life, but of Netzach 

instead.  Standing at the intersection of Samekh and Peh with Hod in the North and 

Netzach in the South macrocosmically, the interchange of the Archangels occurs on the 

reversed-image microcosmic Tree of Life.  The Archangels are invoked into the 


     Auriel (

layrwa) enumerates to 248 as does Abraham (mhrba). 



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Image from the Ogdoadic Tradition: 


“A broad-shouldered placid figure, robed in indigo gleaming with flashes of pale gold, 

and standing upon wild grass studded with yellow flowers. In one hand the figure bears a 

golden orb, in the other a golden sickle.  While this figure is contemplated, a feeling of 

great peace and stability is to be imagined. (The succession of the seasons wipes out or 

mitigates past errors, the innocence of the Golden Age ever awaits us in the earth’s 

renewal.  Elemental Earth itself is the medium of nature’s work: and the instinctual 

faculties of man find repose therein.) 


     The image of Auriel used in the Golden Dawn and its lineal descendants is different 

than that of the Ogdoadic tradtion.  Although several different authors might give slightly 

different versions, the image can be accurately described as: 


A figure robed in browns and greens, holding a pantacle, amongst a field of wheat. 


     The four directions having been established, they represent the four sides of a 

pyramid.  All that now remains is to place the capstone.  The four elements correspond to 

four of the five powers of the Sphinx (to knowto willto dare, and to keep silent).  Their 

rightful and balanced development with respect to each other will broaden the base of the 

pyramid, thereby allowing the apex of the pyramid, corresponding to Spirit (and the fifth 

power, to go), to reach ever higher to heaven.  In the Greek, 

πυραµις (pyramid) is 

identical to 

ϕαλλος (phallus) by their value 831. 


The Hexagram 


"And I welded together the Flaming Star and the Sixfold Star in the forge of my soul, and 

behold! a new star 418 that is above all these." 

 -Liber DCCCXIII, I: 11   


“His weapons fulfil the wheel; and on What Axle that turneth is not known unto Him.” 



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-Liber II, 11 


“Let him by his understanding and ingenium devise a Magick Lamp that shall burn 

without wick or oil, being fed by the Aethyr.” 

-Liber A 


     Study of this ritual with respect to the Equinox Ritual of the Hermetic Order of the 

Golden Dawn will show important relationships between the two.  At an analogous stage 

of this ritual, after each of the four elemental officers has made their invocation to the 

appropriate quarter, the Hegemon (who now bears the Lamp, normally the weapon of the 

Kerux except for the purpose of this ceremony), raises his Lamp and Invokes the Highest.  

The Hegemon is particularly important as symbolizing “those higher aspirations of the 

soul which should guide its action.”  This is the officer who physically aids the 

blindfolded Neophyte candidate, who would otherwise be unable to find his way through 

the ritual of Initiation.  This officer rightly corresponds to the Hexagram for the fact that 

she symbolizes “religion” and acts as the “reconciler” between opposites in the Center of 

the Golden Dawn Temple floor-plan. 

     The Hexagram itself is a complex topic.  It represents a union between opposites.  It is 

the symbol emblazoned upon the Banner of the East in the Golden Dawn, with a golden 

Tau Cross in the center of it.  Recall that the Tau cross corresponds to the Hebrew letter 

Tav, which the Cube of Space places at the exact center-point of the Cube.  This is the 

same place where you repeat the Qabalistic cross, beginning with “Ateh”, which the 

astute reader will recall equals 406, the name of the Hebrew word for “Tau-cross”.  The 

Administrative consciousness which “directs the courses of the planets” is in the center of 

the cube, each of whose six sides corresponds to another Hebrew double-letter with a 

planetary attribution. 

     Geometrically, each line of the Hexagram is divided into three equal parts which can 

be represented as 1-1-1.  Taking this just one step further, the sum of the six lines could 

then be said to represent the number 666.  Taking each line as composed of three equal 

units, six such lines therefore equal 18.  In Hebrew, the words 

ybha (My favorite, my 


afj (The antique Serpent) and yj (Living). 



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     If one thinks of four pentagrams and one central Hexagram, the sum of the points 

equals 26, a key number to this ritual.  However, if as in Crowley’s notes, there are two 

Hexagrams- one above and one below- the sum result would be 32 points.  The divine 


hwhyha, a blending of two names in this ritual, equates to the number of the sum 

total of 10 sephiroth and 22 paths on the Tree of Life. 

     The union of the pentagram and the hexagram, the microcosm and the macrocosm is 

expressed by the number 11.  In Latin Qabalah, “AL” is equal to 11.  The word of the 

Aeon, ABRAHADABRA, is composed of 11 letters and is equal to 418, the value of the 

Hebrew letter Cheth (

j) when it is spelled in full (tyj). 

     66 is the sum of the numbers from 1 to 11 and therefore represents the full extension 

of what is represented by the number 11.  66 is described as “The Mystic Number of the 

Qliphoth, and of the Great Work” in 777.  Latin words whose value equals 66 are Aurora 

(Dawn), Aurum (Gold), Granum (Seed), Sidus (Star), Solis (Solar), and Stellae (Stars). 


“Know that in the many thousand Times that I have performed the Ritual of the 

Pentagram, or the Invocation of the Heart girt with a Serpent, or the Mass of the Phoenix 

or of the Holy Ghost, there has not been one time wherein I did not win new Light, or 

Knowledge, or Power, or Virtue, save through mine own Weakness or Error.” 

-Aleister Crowley, Liber Aleph 


“As man loses his personality in physical love, so does the magician annihilate his divine 

personality in that which is beyond.  The formula of Samadhi is the same, from the lowest 

to the highest.  The Rosy-Cross is the Universal Key.  But, as one proceeds, the Cross 

becomes greater, until it is the Ace, the Rose, until it is the Word.”  

-Aleister Crowley, The Book of Lies 




“My Son, behold now the Mystery and Virtue of the Silver Star!” 

- Aleister Crowley, Liber Aleph 




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     In all true systems of magick and initiation, the most occult of secrets are laid out in 

plain view for those who have eyes to see.  It is the mark of the tyro that he places the 

least value on those things the Adept values most.  The Lesser Ritual of the Pentagram, 

often referred to as “just the LBRP” or a “banishing” may very well be nothing less than 

a ritual of self-initiation. 

     The Qabalistic Cross opens the magician up to the influence of Kether, bringing its 

light down to the heart, transmuting lead to gold in the process.  It is little wonder that 

Crowley called this ritual, “The Medicine of Metals.”  The two pillars are established 

microcosmically in the magician through the references to Geburah and Gedulah.  The 

Qabalistic Cross is now defined as what will be the Center of the Magic Circle.  It is the 

axle of the wheel.  

     The charged magician, now in deeper communion with the Higher, traces the 

pentagrams.  The pentagrams are emblems of the microcosm and of patterns found 

throughout the Universe, from our DNA to the spiral of our galaxy, which are recognized 

by human life as being “beautiful” or “harmonious”.  The Lesser Ritual of the Pentagram 

is itself an expression of harmony amongst the four elements under the regency of Spirit.  

The order of the directions in which the pentagrams are placed occurs in a deosil 

(clockwise) fashion, indicative of invocation.   

     The magician, identified with Adam and Thoth, the First Man who named all things, 

charges the pentagrams with the names of God.  The completion of this opens up a new 

space, a column, in which the magician now stands to complete his Work. 

     The four directions being established, forming the base of what will be a pyramid, all 

that remains is to place the capstone.      

     The Archangels, representations of Briatic consciousness, are invoked 

microcosmically into the magician by their names and images.  The result is the 

appearance of the Hexagram, symbolic of Second Order formulae of initiation.  On the 

Hexagram, the planets are represented in harmonious relationship with each other, 

ordered around the Sun.  The Hexagram is qabalistically identified with the solar 666, the 

number of the Beast, and expressive of the powers of the living.  The five and six are 

conjoined at this point to produce 11.  The Rosy-Cross is thus formed.  The spiritual 

phallus (the pyramid of initiation) stretches itself to the Queen of Heaven.  The Great 



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Work is accomplished. The magician closes with the Qabalistic Cross again, thereby 

reaffirming his place in the Universe. 


“So also is the end of the book, and the Lord Adonai is about it on all sides like a 

Thunderbolt, and a Pylon, and a Snake, and a Phallus, and in the midst thereof he is 

like the Woman that jetteth out the milk of the stars from her paps; yea, the milk of the 

stars from her paps.” 

-Liber LXV, V:65 


























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Appendix I  

 Gematria Key for Hebrew, Greek, and Latin 


Hebrew Equiv 


Greek  Equiv 


Roman Value 









A 1 


a 1 A 

B, V 


b 2 B 

G, Gh 


g 3 C 

D, Dh 


d 4 D 

H 5 


d 5 E 

V, O,U,W 


z 7 F 

Z 7 


h 8 G 

Ch 8 


th 9  H 

T 9 


i 10 


I, Y, J 



k 20 L 


K, Kh 

20, 500 (f) 


l 30 


L 30 


m 40 N 


40, 600 (f) 


n 50 O 


50, 700 (f) 


ks 60 P 


S 60 


o 70 Q 


A’a, Ngh 



p 80 R 


P, Ph 

80, 800 (f) 


r 100 



90, 900 (f) 


s 200 


Q 100 


t 300 



R 200 


u 400 


Sh, S 



ph 500 Y 


T, Th 



ch 600 






ps 700 







o 800 













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Appendix II 

Some Correspondences 


Direction South  West 

East  North 


Element Fire  Water  Air  Earth  Spirit 

Power (Lat) 






Power (Eng) 

To Dare 

To Keep 


To Know 

To Will 

To Go 

Hebrew Yod  Heh  Vav 




World Atziluth  Briah Yetzirah Assiah 


LLLLL Light  Love Liberty  Life  Law 

Archangel Michael  Gabriel  Raphael  Auriel 



Leo - Lion 

Eagle - 


Man - 


Bull - 



Hour of Sun 






Resh Deity 






Elementals Salamanders  Undines 




















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I have greatly benefited from the aid of several fine people in both the preparation 

of this paper and its presentation.  I would firstly like to thank Thelema Lodge of the 

O.T.O. for hosting my presentation of the Lesser Banishing Ritual of the Pentagram.  

Thomas D. Worrel and J. Edward Cornelius both graciously agreed to review this paper 

and their insights and suggestions were invaluable throughout its development.  Matthew 

Demattei generously shared scholarly research compiled in his Ho Biblos Sphairon, a 777 

of the Greek language.  Marlene Cornelius very kindly proofread an earlier form of the 

manuscript and helped me to keep it intelligible; any mistakes contained herein were 

committed by me afterward.  Rey DeLupos generously offered thoughts and ideas that 

challenged my early and even my more developed premises, ultimately forcing me to 

sharpen my ideas and write a better paper than I thought I was able.  Kieren Barry has 

written a very fine book on the subject of the Greek Qabalah; this and continued 

correspondence with him have opened new avenues of exploration for me and I am truly 

appreciative of the immense value of his Work.  Finally, I would like to offer my 

sincerest and most heartfelt thanks to the participants of the ongoing Collegium 

Hermeticum study group for their unparalleled enthusiasm which has continued to inspire 

and challenge me- this paper is the magical progeny of our continued love to delve ever 

more deeply into the Mysteries of our Art. 




This paper is by no means a complete exegesis nor the final word on a ritual that holds 

such a central place in our tradition of Magick.  If you have further questions, comments, 

or insights, I invite you to contact me directly:  I have little 

doubt that further study of this ritual will lead me to write a revised version of this paper 

at a later date.  Your constructive input would be greatly appreciated. 


93 93/93 

Frater Chanokh 



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